Changes in a country’s demography – its population age structure or gender balance, for example – can have significant impact on the economy, demand for social services, and policy environment. Some countries have been able to harness the so-called “demographic dividend” – a term that describes the potential favorable interplay between changes in countries’ population age structure resulting from their demographic transition and economic growth. Decreases in fertility and mortality, and timely adoption of responsive socioeconomic policies, help a nation achieve the demographic dividend.
This two-week conversation will address how demographic change can have a positive impact on health and nutrition outcomes. What kinds of socioeconomic policies should be put in place today to help countries take advantage of population changes as they go through their demographic transition?
Floods are undoubtedly the most frequent type of natural disasters, especially in the last 20 years during which flood events have become more dangerous, particularly for coastal cities and in peripheral areas of sprawling cities. Yet, although climate change may contribute to weather extremes, many coastal cities are more exposed to flooding due to poor ground water management rather than from rising sea levels. More population density in urban areas also means that exposure of assets and settlements widens especially with poorly managed urbanization (clogged drains, unregulated spatial expansion, inadequate housing). At a household level, the impact of floods also exacerbates the hardships of the urban poor as it amplifies their vulnerability through water-borne diseases, lower nutrition, less education possibilities and disrupted sources of livelihoods.
Join development leaders, expert practitioners and policy-makers during this thought-provoking two-week online forum to discuss how we can better design, implement and integrate different approaches to urban flood risk management, and ensure that cities and towns in the future are more informed, better equipped and sufficiently prepared to face natural disasters such as floods.