Across the developing world, millions of people rely on the private sector for their daily water and sanitation needs. In the majority of cases, the providers of these essential services are not large multinational corporations, but local entrepreneurs operating on a small scale – businesses that see selling water and sanitation services to the poor as market opportunities like any other.
This conversation will look at the role of public-private partnerships in increasing access to affordable, reliable clean water and safe sanitation through small-scale providers. By sharing examples of what’s working, what’s not working, and what’s needed to scale up these innovative models of last-mile delivery of water and sanitation, we’re providing creative solutions with the potential to change peoples’ lives.
Greenhouse gas emissions from industry and transportation carry no price for the emitter in many countries today. The costs – to public health and climate – are instead spread among everyone and build up for future generations. The emitter has no incentive to find cleaner alternatives.
A price on carbon creates that incentive and fuels innovation by more accurately pricing emissions. The price, set through emissions trading systems, taxes, or regulations, provides an economic signal that allows the emitter to choose the best way to reduce emissions, discontinue polluting activities, or pay a higher price.
This conversation hopes to provide thoughtful discussion about carbon pricing and best practices.